New Hampshire

School Choice Policies

Charter School Choice

Does the state have charter schools?

Are for-profit charter schools or management companies allowed?


"A chartered public school shall operate as a nonprofit secular organization under a charter granted by the state board and in conformance with this chapter."

A charter school can contract with for-profit entities:
"Any member of a chartered public school board of trustees who also serves as an employee, agent, or board member of any for-profit entity with whom the chartered public school contracts for goods or services shall make public disclosure of such fact and shall recuse oneself from any business the chartered public school may have with the for-profit entity."

194-B:1 Definitions

194-B:5.VII. Chartered Public Schools; Authority and Duties of Board of Trustees.

Is there a cap on the number of charter schools?

Did not find-

We did not find information about caps on charter schools in New Hampshire statutes. Education Commission of the States states that New Hampshire does not have caps on charters. Additionally, a New Hampshire policy expert stated that there is no cap on the number of charter schools in New Hampshire.

Education Commission of the States 50-State Comparison

Are charters required to provide transportation for any students?


"Pupils who reside in the school district in which the chartered public school is located shall be provided transportation to that school by the district on the same terms and conditions as provided for non-chartered public schools in the district and utilizing the same regular bus schedules and routes that are provided to pupils attending non-chartered public schools within that district."

194-B:2 Chartered Public Schools; Establishment; Parental Choice; Admission. – V.

Can charter schools employ uncertified teachers?


"The teaching staff of a chartered public school shall consist of a minimum of 50 percent of teachers either New Hampshire certified or having at least 3 years of teaching experience."

194-B:14 Chartered Public Schools; Employees. –

Virtual School Choice

Do state statutes allow for full-time virtual schools?


New Hampshire statutes allow for both the Virtual Learning Academy Charter School and "online chartered public schools." "Online chartered public school" means a chartered public school which provides the majority of its classes and instruction on the Internet.

194-B:11.I(b)(1)(B): Chartered Public Schools; Funding.
194-B:11.I(b)(2): Chartered Public Schools; Funding.

Are virtual schools required to track attendance?


Virtual charter schools in New Hampshire are chartered public schools, and like other public schools, they are required to maintain attendance records.

194-B:8 Chartered Public Schools; Requirements; Options.

Do virtual schools have to comply with state teacher certification requirements?

Did not find-

We did not find information regarding virtual school teacher certification requirements in state statutes. However, a New Hampshire policy expert stated that online charter schools must follow charter school teacher certification requirements which requires 50% of teaching staff to hold a certification.

Private School Choice

Does the state have voucher programs?


New Hampshire statute allows for the Town Tuitioning program: "If there is no public school for the child's grade in the resident district, the school board may assign the child to another public school in another school district or to any nonsectarian private school that has been approved as a school tuition program by the school board."

193:3 VI-VII

Does the state have educational expense tuition tax credits or deductions?


No educational expense tax credits or deductions found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?


"A private school that receives tuition program students shall:
(b) Be a nonsectarian school"

193:3 VII(b)

Is there a cap on the number of students or private schools participating in voucher programs?

Did not find

Are voucher students in private schools required to take any standardized tests?


"A private school that receives tuition students must:
(d) Administer an annual assessment in reading and language arts, mathematics, and science as defined in RSA 193-C:6 to tuition program students. The assessment may be any nationally recognized standardized assessment used to measure student academic achievement, shall be aligned to the school's academic standards, and shall satisfy the requirements of RSA 193-C:6 for school tuition program students."

193:3 VII(d)

Can private schools be removed from voucher programs based on performance?


"If the school enrolls 10 or more publicly-funded tuition program students and if the school's group assessment percentile score for tuition program students is less than the 40th percentile, the commissioner may require a site visit to determine if the school provides the opportunity for an adequate education in accordance with RSA 193-E:3-b. After the third consecutive year of a tuition program school being unable to demonstrate that it provides an opportunity for an adequate education, the school may be subject to revocation of tuition program status."

193:3 VII(d)

Are private schools in voucher programs required to provide transportation?

Did not find-

We did not find information regarding transportation requirements for private schools participating in voucher programs in New Hampshire statutes. However, a New Hampshire policy expert stated that these private schools are not required to provide transportation.

Interdistrict School Choice

Does the state have interdistrict choice programs?


"Open enrollment public school" or "open enrollment school" means any public school which, in addition to providing educational services to pupils residing within its attendance area or district, chooses to accept pupils from other attendance areas within its district and from outside its district.

194-D:1(I) Definitions.

Are receiving schools or districts required to provide transportation to any students?


"For the purposes of open enrollment, neither the sending nor the receiving school district shall be obligated to provide transportation services for pupils attending an open enrollment school outside the pupil's resident district."

194-D:2(IX): Establishment; Parental Choice; Admission.

Page last updated: December 2020

Click here to download the State Policy Spreadsheet. Click here to download the State Policy Map Data Memo.

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The State Policy Map provides a snapshot of school choice policy found in laws passed by the legislative bodies, for all 50 states and Washington, D.C., based on information gathered from state statutes in fall 2019; data checks continued through December 2020. Information on this site may not include the most up-to-date policy information. The State Policy Map does not systematically reflect state Department of Education administrative policies, rules, or regulations. All content on this site is provided for informational purposes only. Links to third-party websites are for the user’s convenience; neither REACH nor any affiliated entities endorse the contents of third-party sites.

Note: On June 30, 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Montana's exclusion of religious schools from the state's tax credit scholarship program was unconstitutional (Espinoza v. Montana Department of Revenue 591). The responses to the question "Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?" were collected before this ruling and therefore do not reflect any changes resulting from the Espinoza decision.