School Choice Policies

Charter School Choice

Does the state have charter schools?

Are for-profit charter schools or management companies allowed?


A charter must be a non-profit school; however, this requirement does not apply to a school in a remote and necessary school district that has only one school.

We are not sure whether charter schools can enter into contracts with for-profit management companies:
"A public charter school may enter into contracts and may lease facilities and services from a school district, education service district, public university listed in ORS 352.002, other governmental unit or any person or legal entity."

A virtual school charter school may contract with a for-profit entity:
"If a virtual public charter school or the sponsor of a virtual public charter school contracts with a for-profit entity to provide educational services through the virtual public charter school, the for-profit entity may not be the employer of any employees of the virtual public charter school..."

338.035 (2)(a)(B) & 2(b)(A-B)



Is there a cap on the number of charter schools?


However, a school district cannot contain only charter schools, unless there is only one school in a given district.

338.035 (6) (a-b). Establishment requirements; proposal submission timeline; prohibitions

Are charters required to provide transportation for any students?


A public charter school is responsible for providing transportation to students within district. Out-of-district students may use existing transportation services of a school district in which a charter school is located.

338.145(1-4). Responsibility for student transportation services; costs

Can charter schools employ uncertified teachers?


At least a half of the total full-time equivalent teaching and administrative staff need to be licensed/registered by the commission.

338.135 (7) (a-c). Employees; licensure and registration requirements; collective bargaining; prohibition on waiver of right to sponsor charter school.

Virtual School Choice

Do state statutes allow for full-time virtual schools?


Oregon statutes allow for virtual public schools and virtual charter schools. State statutes also allow for the Oregon Virtual School District.

338.005.6(a-b): Definitions for chapter.
336.851(1): Creation; purpose; course standards; rules
339.122(1)(a-b): Disclosures in promotional materials.

Are virtual schools required to track attendance?


A virtual charter must monitor and track student progress and attendance.

338.120.(e)(A): Additional requirements for virtual public charter schools;

Do virtual schools have to comply with state teacher certification requirements?


Oregon Virtual School District: any person who teaches an online course must be properly licensed.

Virtual charters must provide a plan to ensure that all superintendents, assistant superintendents and principals of the school are licensed to administer by the Teacher Standards and Practices Commission. Teachers who are licensed to teach by the Teacher Standards and Practices Commission teach at least 95 percent of the school’s instructional hours.

336.851(2): Creation; purpose; course standards; rules.
338.120(f)(A-B): Additional requirements for virtual public charter schools

Private School Choice

Does the state have voucher programs?


No voucher programs found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Does the state have educational expense tuition tax credits or deductions?


No educational expense tax credits or deductions found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?

Not Applicable

Is there a cap on the number of students or private schools participating in voucher programs?

Not Applicable

Are voucher students in private schools required to take any standardized tests?

Not Applicable

Can private schools be removed from voucher programs based on performance?

Not Applicable

Are private schools in voucher programs required to provide transportation?

Not Applicable

Interdistrict School Choice

Does the state have interdistrict choice programs?


"Pursuant to ORS 339.127, a nonresident school district may enroll a student who is a resident of another district and receive State School Fund money for the student if there is a signed Interdistrict Transfer Agreement between the resident school district, nonresident school district, and the parent/guardian(s) or person in parental relationship."

OAR 581-021-0019(2)(a)

Are receiving schools or districts required to provide transportation to any students?

Did not find

Page last updated: December 2020

Click here to download the State Policy Spreadsheet. Click here to download the State Policy Map Data Memo.

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The State Policy Map provides a snapshot of school choice policy found in laws passed by the legislative bodies, for all 50 states and Washington, D.C., based on information gathered from state statutes in fall 2019; data checks continued through December 2020. Information on this site may not include the most up-to-date policy information. The State Policy Map does not systematically reflect state Department of Education administrative policies, rules, or regulations. All content on this site is provided for informational purposes only. Links to third-party websites are for the user’s convenience; neither REACH nor any affiliated entities endorse the contents of third-party sites.

Note: On June 30, 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Montana's exclusion of religious schools from the state's tax credit scholarship program was unconstitutional (Espinoza v. Montana Department of Revenue 591). The responses to the question "Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?" were collected before this ruling and therefore do not reflect any changes resulting from the Espinoza decision.