Charter School Choice
Does the state have charter schools?
Texas has three types of charter schools:
- Home-rule school district charters
- Campus or campus program charters
- Open-enrollment charters
Are for-profit charter schools or management companies allowed?
"The commissioner may grant a charter on the application of an eligible entity for an open-enrollment charter school to operate in a facility of a commercial or nonprofit entity, an eligible entity, or a school district, including a home-rule school district..."eligible entity" means:
(1) an institution of higher education as defined under Section 61.003;
(2) a private or independent institution of higher education as defined under Section 61.003;
(3) an organization that is exempt from taxation under Section 501(c)(3), Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. Section 501(c)(3)); or
(4) a governmental entity."
It is unclear whether a charter management company may be for-profit: "'Management company' means a person, other than a charter holder, who provides management services for an open-enrollment charter school."
Is there a cap on the number of charter schools?
There is a limit on the number of new open enrollment charters that may be allowed, with the number increasing each year until 2018. Beginning in 2019 there will be a cap of 305 new open enrollment charters approved per year. Does not apply to open-enrollment charter schools primarily serving students with a disability or to University Charter Schools.
Are charters required to provide transportation for any students?
An open-enrollment charter school shall provide transportation to each student attending the school to the same extent a school district is required by law to provide transportation to district students.
A home-rule school district is subject to the same transportation safety policies as regular school districts under Sections 34.002, 34.003, 34.004, 34.008.
Not addressed for other types of charter schools.
Can charter schools employ uncertified teachers?
Bilingual education teachers at Campus or Campus Program Charters & open-enrollment charter schools are subject to rules on Bilingual education under Subchapter B, Chapter 29 which states that bilingual teachers must have proper certifications. Special education teachers must have proper certification.
Teachers in home-rule district charter schools must be certified. A home-rule school district is subject to provisions on teacher certification under Chapter 21.
Virtual School Choice
Do state statutes allow for full-time virtual schools?
Texas statutes outline provisions for the state virtual school network.
"A student is eligible to enroll full-time in courses provided through the state virtual school network only if the student:
- was enrolled in a public school in this state in the preceding school year;
- is a dependent of a member of the United States military who has been deployed or transferred to this state and was enrolled in a publicly funded school outside of this state in the preceding school year; or
- has been placed in substitute care in this state, regardless of whether the student was enrolled in a public school in this state in the preceding school year."
Are virtual schools required to track attendance?
"The commissioner by rule shall adopt procedures for reporting and verifying the attendance of a student enrolled in an electronic course provided through the state virtual school network."
Do virtual schools have to comply with state teacher certification requirements?
However, electronic course teachers have additional requirements:
"Each teacher of an electronic course offered by a school district or open-enrollment charter school through the state virtual school network must:
(1) be certified under Subchapter B, Chapter 21, to teach that course and grade level; and
(2) successfully complete the appropriate professional development course provided under Section 30A.112(a) or 30A.1121 before teaching an electronic course offered through the network."
Private School Choice
Does the state have voucher programs?
No voucher programs found.
Does the state have educational expense tuition tax credits or deductions?
No educational expense tax credits or deductions found.
Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?
Is there a cap on the number of students or private schools participating in voucher programs?
Are voucher students in private schools required to take any standardized tests?
Can private schools be removed from voucher programs based on performance?
Are private schools in voucher programs required to provide transportation?
Interdistrict School Choice
Does the state have interdistrict choice programs?
An eligible student may attend a public school in the district in which the student resides or may use a public education grant to attend any other district chosen by the student's parent.
"The boards of trustees of two or more adjoining school districts or the boards of county school trustees of two or more adjoining counties may, by agreement and in accordance with Sections 25.032, 25.033, and 25.034, arrange for the transfer and assignment of any student from the jurisdiction of one board to that of another. In the case of the transfer and assignment of a student under this section, the participating governing boards shall also agree to the transfer of school funds or other payments proportionate to the transfer of attendance."
Are receiving schools or districts required to provide transportation to any students?
"The school district in which a student resides shall provide each student attending a school in another district under this subchapter transportation free of charge to and from the school the student would otherwise attend."