School Choice Policies

Charter School Choice

Does the state have charter schools?

Are for-profit charter schools or management companies allowed?


A charter applicant is defined as "...a nonprofit corporation that has submitted an application to an authorizer." Contracts for management operation of the charter school may only be with nonprofit organizations.

Revised Code of Washington §28A.710.010(1)

Revised Code of Washington §28A.710.030(1)(c)

Is there a cap on the number of charter schools?


"A maximum of forty charter public schools may be established over the five-year period commencing with April 3, 2016. No more than eight charter schools may be established in any year during the five-year period, except that if in any year fewer than eight charter schools are established, additional charter schools, equal in number to the difference between the number established in that year and eight, may be established in subsequent years during the five-year period."

Revised Code of Washington §28A.710.150(1) Maximum number of charter public schools

Are charters required to provide transportation for any students?


However, a charter school application must provide or describe thoroughly plans for providing transportation.

Revised Code of Washington §28A.710.130(2)(y)

Can charter schools employ uncertified teachers?


"Charter schools must employ certificated instructional staff as required in RCW 28A.410.025. Charter schools, however, may hire noncertificated instructional staff of unusual competence and in exceptional cases as specified in RCW 28A.150.203."

Revised Code of Washington §28A.710.040(2)(d) Charter schools—Requirements

Virtual School Choice

Do state statutes allow for full-time virtual schools?


"'Online school program' means a school program that offers a sequential set of online courses or grade-level coursework that may be taken in a single school term or throughout the school year in a manner that could provide a full-time basic education program if so desired by the student. Students may enroll in the program as part-time or full-time students."

Revised Code of Washington §28A.250.010(2)(b)

Are virtual schools required to track attendance?

Did not find

Do virtual schools have to comply with state teacher certification requirements?


The state's superintendent of education mandates that the online provider's approval criteria shall include the degree of alignment with state academic standards and require that all teachers be certificated in accordance with Washington state law.

Revised Code of Washington §28A.250.020(2) Multidistrict online providers—Approval criteria

Private School Choice

Does the state have voucher programs?


No voucher programs found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Does the state have educational expense tuition tax credits or deductions?


No educational expense tax credits or deductions found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?

Not Applicable

Is there a cap on the number of students or private schools participating in voucher programs?

Not Applicable

Are voucher students in private schools required to take any standardized tests?

Not Applicable

Can private schools be removed from voucher programs based on performance?

Not Applicable

Are private schools in voucher programs required to provide transportation?

Not Applicable

Interdistrict School Choice

Does the state have interdistrict choice programs?


"A district is strongly encouraged to honor the request of a parent or guardian for his or her child to attend a school in another district..."

Revised Code of Washington §28A.225.220(2)

Are receiving schools or districts required to provide transportation to any students?

Did not find

Page last updated: December 2020

Click here to download the State Policy Spreadsheet. Click here to download the State Policy Map Data Memo.

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The State Policy Map provides a snapshot of school choice policy found in laws passed by the legislative bodies, for all 50 states and Washington, D.C., based on information gathered from state statutes in fall 2019; data checks continued through December 2020. Information on this site may not include the most up-to-date policy information. The State Policy Map does not systematically reflect state Department of Education administrative policies, rules, or regulations. All content on this site is provided for informational purposes only. Links to third-party websites are for the user’s convenience; neither REACH nor any affiliated entities endorse the contents of third-party sites.

Note: On June 30, 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Montana's exclusion of religious schools from the state's tax credit scholarship program was unconstitutional (Espinoza v. Montana Department of Revenue 591). The responses to the question "Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?" were collected before this ruling and therefore do not reflect any changes resulting from the Espinoza decision.